Violence begets violence ... but how? A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender overlap

Margit Averdijk, Jean-Louis van Gelder, Manuel Eisner, Denis Ribeaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study applied a decision-making perspective to examine the causal mechanisms underlying the relation between violent victimization and offending. We theorized that having been victimized affects an individual's appraisal of subsequent potentially conflictive situations in such a way that victims become more attuned toward the benefits of violence perpetration than toward its costs. Furthermore, we argued that this altered appraisal mediates the relation between violent victimization and violent offending. We tested these hypotheses by using data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths, a longitudinal study of Swiss youth (N = 1,013; 11-15 years of age). In line with expectations, path analysis results showed that prior victimization influenced the appraisal of decision-making situations that, in turn, predicted subsequent self-reported violent offending. Importantly, these mediation effects held when controlling for a variety of time-stable factors, such as self-control and risky activities, as well as prior victimization and delinquency. Implications for research and theorizing on the victim-offender overlap are elaborated in the discussion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-306
Number of pages25
JournalCriminology
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
Violence
victimization
offender
Decision Making
violence
decision making
time factor
self-control
path analysis
delinquency
Child Development
Swiss
social development
mediation
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Costs and Cost Analysis
costs
Research

Keywords

  • Decision making
  • Longitudinal study
  • Victim-offender overlap
  • Victimization
  • Violence

Cite this

Averdijk, Margit ; van Gelder, Jean-Louis ; Eisner, Manuel ; Ribeaud, Denis. / Violence begets violence ... but how? A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender overlap. In: Criminology. 2016 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 282-306.
@article{68d2de3e17d245f0875517ec51835516,
title = "Violence begets violence ... but how?: A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender overlap",
abstract = "This study applied a decision-making perspective to examine the causal mechanisms underlying the relation between violent victimization and offending. We theorized that having been victimized affects an individual's appraisal of subsequent potentially conflictive situations in such a way that victims become more attuned toward the benefits of violence perpetration than toward its costs. Furthermore, we argued that this altered appraisal mediates the relation between violent victimization and violent offending. We tested these hypotheses by using data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths, a longitudinal study of Swiss youth (N = 1,013; 11-15 years of age). In line with expectations, path analysis results showed that prior victimization influenced the appraisal of decision-making situations that, in turn, predicted subsequent self-reported violent offending. Importantly, these mediation effects held when controlling for a variety of time-stable factors, such as self-control and risky activities, as well as prior victimization and delinquency. Implications for research and theorizing on the victim-offender overlap are elaborated in the discussion.",
keywords = "Decision making, Longitudinal study, Victim-offender overlap, Victimization, Violence",
author = "Margit Averdijk and {van Gelder}, Jean-Louis and Manuel Eisner and Denis Ribeaud",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1745-9125.12102",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "282--306",
journal = "Criminology",
issn = "0011-1384",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

Violence begets violence ... but how? A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender overlap. / Averdijk, Margit; van Gelder, Jean-Louis ; Eisner, Manuel; Ribeaud, Denis.

In: Criminology, Vol. 54, No. 2, 01.05.2016, p. 282-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Violence begets violence ... but how?

T2 - A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender overlap

AU - Averdijk, Margit

AU - van Gelder, Jean-Louis

AU - Eisner, Manuel

AU - Ribeaud, Denis

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - This study applied a decision-making perspective to examine the causal mechanisms underlying the relation between violent victimization and offending. We theorized that having been victimized affects an individual's appraisal of subsequent potentially conflictive situations in such a way that victims become more attuned toward the benefits of violence perpetration than toward its costs. Furthermore, we argued that this altered appraisal mediates the relation between violent victimization and violent offending. We tested these hypotheses by using data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths, a longitudinal study of Swiss youth (N = 1,013; 11-15 years of age). In line with expectations, path analysis results showed that prior victimization influenced the appraisal of decision-making situations that, in turn, predicted subsequent self-reported violent offending. Importantly, these mediation effects held when controlling for a variety of time-stable factors, such as self-control and risky activities, as well as prior victimization and delinquency. Implications for research and theorizing on the victim-offender overlap are elaborated in the discussion.

AB - This study applied a decision-making perspective to examine the causal mechanisms underlying the relation between violent victimization and offending. We theorized that having been victimized affects an individual's appraisal of subsequent potentially conflictive situations in such a way that victims become more attuned toward the benefits of violence perpetration than toward its costs. Furthermore, we argued that this altered appraisal mediates the relation between violent victimization and violent offending. We tested these hypotheses by using data from the Zurich Project on the Social Development of Children and Youths, a longitudinal study of Swiss youth (N = 1,013; 11-15 years of age). In line with expectations, path analysis results showed that prior victimization influenced the appraisal of decision-making situations that, in turn, predicted subsequent self-reported violent offending. Importantly, these mediation effects held when controlling for a variety of time-stable factors, such as self-control and risky activities, as well as prior victimization and delinquency. Implications for research and theorizing on the victim-offender overlap are elaborated in the discussion.

KW - Decision making

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - Victim-offender overlap

KW - Victimization

KW - Violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960853954&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1745-9125.12102

DO - 10.1111/1745-9125.12102

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 282

EP - 306

JO - Criminology

JF - Criminology

SN - 0011-1384

IS - 2

ER -