Visceral stent patency in fenestrated stent grafting for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

Frederike A.B. Grimme, Clark J. Zeebregts, Eric L.G. Verhoeven, Foppe Bekkema, Michel M.J.P. Reijnen, Ignace F.J. Tielliu* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective Fenestrated endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (F-EVAR) has been introduced for treatment of aneurysms in which visceral arteries are incorporated. Patency of target vessels has been reported to be excellent. Results of the use of stent grafts to accommodate visceral arteries in F-EVAR are presented in this study, including an overview of factors that affect outcome. Methods All patients treated with fenestrated stent grafts in a single center between November 2001 and October 2011 were reviewed. Patients treated for suprarenal, juxtarenal, and infrarenal short-necked aortic aneurysms were included. Patients with thoraco-abdominal aneurysms or aneurysms treated with grafts with fixed side branches were excluded. Polytetrafluoroethylene covered stents were used routinely since June 2005. Target vessels and stents were examined using computed tomography angiography reconstructions. Primary end points were primary patency, defined as the absence of occlusion, and loss of renal function. Secondary end points were technical success, stenosis (defined as a ≥50% angiographic diameter reduction), stent fracture, and mortality. Results A total of 138 patients with a median age of 73 years (range, 50-91 years) met the inclusion criteria. Median computed tomography angiography follow-up was 13 months (range, 1-97 months). In total, 392 target vessels were provided with 140 scallops and 252 fenestrations. Visceral stents (-grafts) were placed in 254 target vessels. Technical success was obtained in 249 arteries (98.0%). Overall stent patency of target vessels was 95.7% at 1 year and 88.6% at 4 years. Renal artery stent patency was 97.4% at 1 year and 91.2% at 4 years (96.8% and 89.1% for uncovered stents; 97.3% and 92.4% for covered stents, respectively). There was no significant difference in patency between covered and uncovered stents in renal arteries (P =.71). Renal artery stenosis occurred in 26 stented arteries (11.3%) and occlusion in seven arteries. Renal artery stent stenosis occurred significantly more in uncovered than in covered stents (P =.04). Stent fractures occurred more in uncovered than in covered stents (P =.01) and was associated with a significantly lower visceral stent patency rate (P <.01). During follow-up, 13 patients developed permanent renal function impairment (9.4%), of which two required permanent dialysis (1.4%). Renal dysfunction was significantly associated with renal stent occlusion or stenosis (P <.01). Conclusions Patency rates of visceral artery stent (-grafts) in F-EVAR were 95.7% at 1 year and 88.6% at 4 years. Patency rates were affected by stent fractures, which occurred more in uncovered compared with covered stents. Renal artery stent stenosis occurred more in uncovered compared with covered stents. Renal dysfunction was significantly associated with renal stent occlusion or stenosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-306
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes


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