Visible-light-induced water splitting on a chip

M.G.C. Zoontjes

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

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Abstract

In this thesis, a photoelectrochemical water splitting cell concept is discussed, based on a combination of semiconductors comprising a Z-scheme. The motivation for the development of the cell is that in the future a transition will take place from a fossil fuel-based economy, to an economy based on renewable energy sources. These renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, fluctuate in yield over time, and require temporary storage of energy till the moment it is needed. An option to store the energy is by decomposition of water, by which H2 is formed, which can be used as an energy carrier. Alternatively to a single photoelectrochemical cell, electricity generated by solar cells can be fed into an electrolysis cell, in which water splitting into H2 and O2 can be achieved. However, H2 produced in this way is much more expensive than H2 made out of fossil fuels. If the goal of a single cell solar-to-H2 efficiency of 10% could be reached, the price per kg H2 could be between the $2.00 - $4.00. The photoelectrochemical water splitting concept we propose and discuss in this thesis, consists out of a Pt divider, on the opposite sides of which WO3 is deposited as photoanode, and Rh:SrTiO3 as photocathode. The concept is based on Z-scheme water splitting, where two semiconductors are combined for full water splitting. Therefore, first a study was done at a powder system of WO3 and Rh:SrTiO3. Here a Fe2+/Fe3+ electron mediator was used to transfer electrons between both photocatalysts. Our measurements showed that the electron mediator did not work as reported in literature, and that short circuiting of the two iron half reactions occurred and this limited full water splitting. Therefore it could be a solution to replace the iron-couple with a conducting Pt film.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • van der Wiel, Wilfred Gerard, Supervisor
  • Mul, Guido , Supervisor
Thesis sponsors
Award date5 Jun 2015
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-3895-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

Water
Fossil fuels
Electrons
Solar cells
Iron
Semiconductor materials
Photoelectrochemical cells
Photocathodes
Conductive films
Photocatalysts
Electrolysis
Powders
Electricity
Decomposition
strontium titanium oxide

Keywords

  • METIS-310560
  • EWI-26972
  • IR-95961

Cite this

Zoontjes, M.G.C.. / Visible-light-induced water splitting on a chip. Enschede : Gilderprint, 2015. 146 p.
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title = "Visible-light-induced water splitting on a chip",
abstract = "In this thesis, a photoelectrochemical water splitting cell concept is discussed, based on a combination of semiconductors comprising a Z-scheme. The motivation for the development of the cell is that in the future a transition will take place from a fossil fuel-based economy, to an economy based on renewable energy sources. These renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, fluctuate in yield over time, and require temporary storage of energy till the moment it is needed. An option to store the energy is by decomposition of water, by which H2 is formed, which can be used as an energy carrier. Alternatively to a single photoelectrochemical cell, electricity generated by solar cells can be fed into an electrolysis cell, in which water splitting into H2 and O2 can be achieved. However, H2 produced in this way is much more expensive than H2 made out of fossil fuels. If the goal of a single cell solar-to-H2 efficiency of 10{\%} could be reached, the price per kg H2 could be between the $2.00 - $4.00. The photoelectrochemical water splitting concept we propose and discuss in this thesis, consists out of a Pt divider, on the opposite sides of which WO3 is deposited as photoanode, and Rh:SrTiO3 as photocathode. The concept is based on Z-scheme water splitting, where two semiconductors are combined for full water splitting. Therefore, first a study was done at a powder system of WO3 and Rh:SrTiO3. Here a Fe2+/Fe3+ electron mediator was used to transfer electrons between both photocatalysts. Our measurements showed that the electron mediator did not work as reported in literature, and that short circuiting of the two iron half reactions occurred and this limited full water splitting. Therefore it could be a solution to replace the iron-couple with a conducting Pt film.",
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Visible-light-induced water splitting on a chip. / Zoontjes, M.G.C.

Enschede : Gilderprint, 2015. 146 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UTAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Visible-light-induced water splitting on a chip

AU - Zoontjes, M.G.C.

PY - 2015/6/5

Y1 - 2015/6/5

N2 - In this thesis, a photoelectrochemical water splitting cell concept is discussed, based on a combination of semiconductors comprising a Z-scheme. The motivation for the development of the cell is that in the future a transition will take place from a fossil fuel-based economy, to an economy based on renewable energy sources. These renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, fluctuate in yield over time, and require temporary storage of energy till the moment it is needed. An option to store the energy is by decomposition of water, by which H2 is formed, which can be used as an energy carrier. Alternatively to a single photoelectrochemical cell, electricity generated by solar cells can be fed into an electrolysis cell, in which water splitting into H2 and O2 can be achieved. However, H2 produced in this way is much more expensive than H2 made out of fossil fuels. If the goal of a single cell solar-to-H2 efficiency of 10% could be reached, the price per kg H2 could be between the $2.00 - $4.00. The photoelectrochemical water splitting concept we propose and discuss in this thesis, consists out of a Pt divider, on the opposite sides of which WO3 is deposited as photoanode, and Rh:SrTiO3 as photocathode. The concept is based on Z-scheme water splitting, where two semiconductors are combined for full water splitting. Therefore, first a study was done at a powder system of WO3 and Rh:SrTiO3. Here a Fe2+/Fe3+ electron mediator was used to transfer electrons between both photocatalysts. Our measurements showed that the electron mediator did not work as reported in literature, and that short circuiting of the two iron half reactions occurred and this limited full water splitting. Therefore it could be a solution to replace the iron-couple with a conducting Pt film.

AB - In this thesis, a photoelectrochemical water splitting cell concept is discussed, based on a combination of semiconductors comprising a Z-scheme. The motivation for the development of the cell is that in the future a transition will take place from a fossil fuel-based economy, to an economy based on renewable energy sources. These renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, fluctuate in yield over time, and require temporary storage of energy till the moment it is needed. An option to store the energy is by decomposition of water, by which H2 is formed, which can be used as an energy carrier. Alternatively to a single photoelectrochemical cell, electricity generated by solar cells can be fed into an electrolysis cell, in which water splitting into H2 and O2 can be achieved. However, H2 produced in this way is much more expensive than H2 made out of fossil fuels. If the goal of a single cell solar-to-H2 efficiency of 10% could be reached, the price per kg H2 could be between the $2.00 - $4.00. The photoelectrochemical water splitting concept we propose and discuss in this thesis, consists out of a Pt divider, on the opposite sides of which WO3 is deposited as photoanode, and Rh:SrTiO3 as photocathode. The concept is based on Z-scheme water splitting, where two semiconductors are combined for full water splitting. Therefore, first a study was done at a powder system of WO3 and Rh:SrTiO3. Here a Fe2+/Fe3+ electron mediator was used to transfer electrons between both photocatalysts. Our measurements showed that the electron mediator did not work as reported in literature, and that short circuiting of the two iron half reactions occurred and this limited full water splitting. Therefore it could be a solution to replace the iron-couple with a conducting Pt film.

KW - METIS-310560

KW - EWI-26972

KW - IR-95961

U2 - 10.3990/1.9789036538954

DO - 10.3990/1.9789036538954

M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-3895-4

PB - Gilderprint

CY - Enschede

ER -