Vortex nucleation in superfluid 4He probed by 3He impurities

E. Varoquaux, G.G. Ihas, O. Avenel, R. Aarts

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Abstract

The critical velocity for the onset of phase slips in the flow of superfluid 4He
through a micro-orifice has been found to be strongly affected at temperatures below ∼0.1 K by minute quantities of 3He impurities, in the few parts per billion range. It is shown that this effect yields essential information on the vortex nucleation mechanism and in particular the local superfluid velocity at which vortices are formed, which is 22 m/s in these experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2114-2117
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume70
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 1993
Externally publishedYes

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