Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    21 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Over-infusion is a manufacturing process in which a pre-fabricated composite is co-molded with an uncured laminate during the vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (vaRTM) process. One of the applications of this process is to produce wind turbine blade components such as root section. A complex shear interaction between the pre-fabricated laminate and over-infused part play a crucial role in the final shape distortions, residual stresses and bonding quality of the interface. In order to have more reliable over-infusion processes and improve the product quality, a predictable process modelling tool is necessary to understand and describe some of the challenges such as residual stresses and shape deformations. The current work presents a combined experimental and modelling effort to develop a fundamental understanding of the warpage formation during the over-infusion process which has not considered up to now. A unidirectional (UD) glass/polyester laminate plate (~200×200 mm) with a thickness of 2 mm is first fully cured using the vaRTM at room temperature. Another UD layer is overinfused on top of the already cured laminate using same processing conditions. Due to the chemical shrinkage of the matrix and the shear interaction between the two laminates, a warpage occurs after the curing process. To predict this deformation mechanism, a fully coupled thermo-chemical-mechanical process model is developed in ABAQUS. Two different models are employed at the interface to capture the shear interaction during the process: a shear layer model and a traction-separation model. The interface model mimics the load-transfer from the infused laminate to the pre-fabricated laminate. A parametric analysis is performed based on the properties defined in the proposed interface models. A good agreement between the predicted and measured warpage formation is found using a soft resin stiffness at the interface.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2017
    Event21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017 - Xi'an, China
    Duration: 20 Aug 201725 Aug 2017
    Conference number: 21
    http://www.iccm21.org/

    Conference

    Conference21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017
    Abbreviated titleICCM 2017
    CountryChina
    CityXi'an
    Period20/08/1725/08/17
    Internet address

    Fingerprint

    Laminates
    Polyesters
    Glass
    Composite materials
    Resin transfer molding
    Residual stresses
    Vacuum
    ABAQUS
    Wind turbines
    Turbomachine blades
    Curing
    Resins
    Stiffness
    Processing

    Keywords

    • Process modelling
    • Warpage
    • Over-infusion
    • Glass/polyester
    • Finite Element Method

    Cite this

    Baran, I. (2017). Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, Xi'an, China.
    Baran, Ismet . / Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, Xi'an, China.
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    title = "Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates",
    abstract = "Over-infusion is a manufacturing process in which a pre-fabricated composite is co-molded with an uncured laminate during the vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (vaRTM) process. One of the applications of this process is to produce wind turbine blade components such as root section. A complex shear interaction between the pre-fabricated laminate and over-infused part play a crucial role in the final shape distortions, residual stresses and bonding quality of the interface. In order to have more reliable over-infusion processes and improve the product quality, a predictable process modelling tool is necessary to understand and describe some of the challenges such as residual stresses and shape deformations. The current work presents a combined experimental and modelling effort to develop a fundamental understanding of the warpage formation during the over-infusion process which has not considered up to now. A unidirectional (UD) glass/polyester laminate plate (~200×200 mm) with a thickness of 2 mm is first fully cured using the vaRTM at room temperature. Another UD layer is overinfused on top of the already cured laminate using same processing conditions. Due to the chemical shrinkage of the matrix and the shear interaction between the two laminates, a warpage occurs after the curing process. To predict this deformation mechanism, a fully coupled thermo-chemical-mechanical process model is developed in ABAQUS. Two different models are employed at the interface to capture the shear interaction during the process: a shear layer model and a traction-separation model. The interface model mimics the load-transfer from the infused laminate to the pre-fabricated laminate. A parametric analysis is performed based on the properties defined in the proposed interface models. A good agreement between the predicted and measured warpage formation is found using a soft resin stiffness at the interface.",
    keywords = "Process modelling, Warpage, Over-infusion, Glass/polyester, Finite Element Method",
    author = "Ismet Baran",
    year = "2017",
    month = "8",
    day = "25",
    language = "English",
    note = "21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, ICCM 2017 ; Conference date: 20-08-2017 Through 25-08-2017",
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    Baran, I 2017, 'Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates' Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, Xi'an, China, 20/08/17 - 25/08/17, .

    Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates. / Baran, Ismet .

    2017. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, Xi'an, China.

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

    TY - CONF

    T1 - Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates

    AU - Baran, Ismet

    PY - 2017/8/25

    Y1 - 2017/8/25

    N2 - Over-infusion is a manufacturing process in which a pre-fabricated composite is co-molded with an uncured laminate during the vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (vaRTM) process. One of the applications of this process is to produce wind turbine blade components such as root section. A complex shear interaction between the pre-fabricated laminate and over-infused part play a crucial role in the final shape distortions, residual stresses and bonding quality of the interface. In order to have more reliable over-infusion processes and improve the product quality, a predictable process modelling tool is necessary to understand and describe some of the challenges such as residual stresses and shape deformations. The current work presents a combined experimental and modelling effort to develop a fundamental understanding of the warpage formation during the over-infusion process which has not considered up to now. A unidirectional (UD) glass/polyester laminate plate (~200×200 mm) with a thickness of 2 mm is first fully cured using the vaRTM at room temperature. Another UD layer is overinfused on top of the already cured laminate using same processing conditions. Due to the chemical shrinkage of the matrix and the shear interaction between the two laminates, a warpage occurs after the curing process. To predict this deformation mechanism, a fully coupled thermo-chemical-mechanical process model is developed in ABAQUS. Two different models are employed at the interface to capture the shear interaction during the process: a shear layer model and a traction-separation model. The interface model mimics the load-transfer from the infused laminate to the pre-fabricated laminate. A parametric analysis is performed based on the properties defined in the proposed interface models. A good agreement between the predicted and measured warpage formation is found using a soft resin stiffness at the interface.

    AB - Over-infusion is a manufacturing process in which a pre-fabricated composite is co-molded with an uncured laminate during the vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (vaRTM) process. One of the applications of this process is to produce wind turbine blade components such as root section. A complex shear interaction between the pre-fabricated laminate and over-infused part play a crucial role in the final shape distortions, residual stresses and bonding quality of the interface. In order to have more reliable over-infusion processes and improve the product quality, a predictable process modelling tool is necessary to understand and describe some of the challenges such as residual stresses and shape deformations. The current work presents a combined experimental and modelling effort to develop a fundamental understanding of the warpage formation during the over-infusion process which has not considered up to now. A unidirectional (UD) glass/polyester laminate plate (~200×200 mm) with a thickness of 2 mm is first fully cured using the vaRTM at room temperature. Another UD layer is overinfused on top of the already cured laminate using same processing conditions. Due to the chemical shrinkage of the matrix and the shear interaction between the two laminates, a warpage occurs after the curing process. To predict this deformation mechanism, a fully coupled thermo-chemical-mechanical process model is developed in ABAQUS. Two different models are employed at the interface to capture the shear interaction during the process: a shear layer model and a traction-separation model. The interface model mimics the load-transfer from the infused laminate to the pre-fabricated laminate. A parametric analysis is performed based on the properties defined in the proposed interface models. A good agreement between the predicted and measured warpage formation is found using a soft resin stiffness at the interface.

    KW - Process modelling

    KW - Warpage

    KW - Over-infusion

    KW - Glass/polyester

    KW - Finite Element Method

    M3 - Paper

    ER -

    Baran I. Warpage prediction in over-infusion process of glass/polyester composite laminates. 2017. Paper presented at 21st International Conference on Composite Materials 2017, Xi'an, China.