Water and carbon oxides on monoclinic zirconia: Experimental and computational insights

Sonja Kouva, Jenni Andersin, Karoliina Honkala, Juha Lehtonen, Leon Lefferts, Jaana Kanervo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


Zirconium oxide (ZrO2, zirconia) is an interesting catalytic material to be used in biomass conversion, e.g., gasification and reforming. In this work, we show that reducing and hydrating pretreatments affect the surface sites on monoclinic zirconia. The multitechnique approach comprises temperature-programmed surface reactions (TPSR) under CO and CO2 at 100-550 °C, in situ DRIFTS investigations of the surface species and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The key findings of the work are: (1) formates are formed either directly from gas-phase CO on terminal surface hydroxyls or via the linear CO surface species that are found exclusively on the reduced zirconia without water treatment; (2) formates are able to decompose at high temperature either reversibly to CO or reductively to CO2 and H2via surface reaction between formates and multicoordinated hydroxyls; and (3) a new weak reversible binding state of CO is found exclusively on ZrO2 that is first reduced and subsequently hydrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20650-20664
Number of pages15
JournalPhysical chemistry chemical physics
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 14 Oct 2014


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