Water governance in the Mekong after the Watercourses Convention 35th ratification: Multilateral or bilateral approach?

Imad Antoine Ibrahim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The possible negative consequences of changes that are occurring in the Mekong River because of development activities are raising concerns. Scholars have been wondering whether multilateral or bilateral water treaties can be used by the states sharing the river to protect their interests. Moreover, the UN Watercourses Convention’s entry into force has made researchers question its potential impact on the management of shared freshwaters. This article will highlight the scenarios in which multilateral or bilateral treaties can be used to manage the Mekong River, taking into account the entry into force of the Watercourses Convention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-220
Number of pages21
JournalInternational journal of water resources development
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Bilateral treaties
  • Flexibility mechanisms
  • International water law
  • Mekong Agreement
  • Multilateral treaties
  • Watercourses Convention
  • n/a OA procedure

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