Wavelength- and Time-Division Multiplexing via Pump Current Variation of a Pulsed Semiconductor Laser: A Method of Synchronization for Quantum Key Distribution

Roman Shakhovoy, Marius Puplauskis, Violetta Sharoglazova, Elizaveta Maksimova, Selbi Hydyrova, Vladimir Kurochkin, Alexander Duplinskiy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The dependence of the semiconductor laser wavelength on the pump current is a well-known phenomenon, which is generally attributed to a change in the refractive index of the active layer due to carrier injection. This effect is usually considered to be a drawback as it causes frequency chirping of the pulses produced via direct current modulation. Here, we show that at high values of thermal resistance of a laser diode, the lasing wavelength is red-shifted due to the change of the refractive index caused by a thermal effect and this shift may significantly exceed (in absolute value) the blue shift related to a refractive index change induced by the carrier injection. We propose to benefit from the ability to tune wavelength by the pump current variation and use the same laser to generate qubits and synchronization optical pulses for quantum key distribution at different wavelengths. To demonstrate the proposed method of synchronization, we perform numerical simulations as well as proof-of-principle experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8000110
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE journal of quantum electronics
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Synchronization
  • Wavelength division multiplexing
  • Pump lasers
  • Detectors
  • Semiconductor lasers
  • Protocols
  • Optical pumping
  • n/a OA procedure

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