Laser ablation of galvanized steel at a wavelength of 343, 515 and 1030 nm was compared for single as well as multiple picosecond laser pulses. The characteristics of ablated craters, such as ablation rate, crater shape and chemical composition, in relation to the processing parameters were studied. Surface morphology of the laser ablated craters were characterized with the help of confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Chemical compositional and crystallographic changes were analyzed by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and electron backscatter diffraction respectively. Three ablation regimes were identified in the ablation process of galvanized steel. For equal amount of fluence, ablation rates are found to increase with decreasing laser wavelength. Analyzing the crater shape and the cross-sectional chemical composition, three possible applications are identified for three different wavelengths when processing galvanized steel with picosecond pulsed lasers, namely coating removal, surface texturing and micro-drilling.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Applied physics A: Materials science and processing|
|Early online date||14 Mar 2022|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2022|