Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers: testing a positive psychological intervention

Noortje Kloos, H.R. Trompetter, Ernst Thomas Bohlmeijer, Gerben Johan Westerhof

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterOther research output

Abstract

With major job demands such as workload, professional caregivers in nursing homes are at increased risk for stress related problems like burnout. As such job demands will most likely not decrease in the near future, attention should be shifted towards resilience of all professional caregivers by focusing on increasing personal resources. The purpose of this study was to test a generic online positive psychology intervention in increasing both general wellbeing and work related wellbeing for professional caregivers of somatic units of four nursing homes. This study had a group-randomized controlled design (intervention group n = 74, control group n = 47). The intervention consisted of reading information and doing exercises of 8 themes of positive psychology (e.g. strengths, positive relations) in 12 weeks. Questionnaires on work related wellbeing (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale), general wellbeing (Mental Health Continuum) and burnout (Utrecht BurnOut Scale) were filled out online at baseline and 3 months later (T1). Mixed ANOVAs showed no significant increase in work related wellbeing (p = .61) or general wellbeing (p = .37) of the intervention group compared to the control group. Burnout and engagement at baseline were not significant moderators (p’s > .40). Providing professional caregivers of nursing homes with an online generic positive psychological intervention did not increase work related wellbeing or general wellbeing, even for caregivers most at risk for stress related problems. Possible alternative explanations such as ceiling effects, lack of intrinsic motivation and high workload as well as practical implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1147
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017
Event21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 23 Jul 201727 Jul 2017
Conference number: 21
https://www.geron.org/meetings-events/iagg-2017-world-congress-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics

Conference

Conference21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017
Abbreviated titleIAGG 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period23/07/1727/07/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Nursing Homes
Caregivers
Psychology
Workload
Control Groups
Motivation
Reading
Analysis of Variance
Mental Health

Cite this

Kloos, N., Trompetter, H. R., Bohlmeijer, E. T., & Westerhof, G. J. (2017). Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers: testing a positive psychological intervention. 1147. Poster session presented at 21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, San Francisco, United States.
Kloos, Noortje ; Trompetter, H.R. ; Bohlmeijer, Ernst Thomas ; Westerhof, Gerben Johan. / Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers : testing a positive psychological intervention. Poster session presented at 21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, San Francisco, United States.
@conference{a3883a04917c4e2688b1eba6b7433818,
title = "Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers: testing a positive psychological intervention",
abstract = "With major job demands such as workload, professional caregivers in nursing homes are at increased risk for stress related problems like burnout. As such job demands will most likely not decrease in the near future, attention should be shifted towards resilience of all professional caregivers by focusing on increasing personal resources. The purpose of this study was to test a generic online positive psychology intervention in increasing both general wellbeing and work related wellbeing for professional caregivers of somatic units of four nursing homes. This study had a group-randomized controlled design (intervention group n = 74, control group n = 47). The intervention consisted of reading information and doing exercises of 8 themes of positive psychology (e.g. strengths, positive relations) in 12 weeks. Questionnaires on work related wellbeing (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale), general wellbeing (Mental Health Continuum) and burnout (Utrecht BurnOut Scale) were filled out online at baseline and 3 months later (T1). Mixed ANOVAs showed no significant increase in work related wellbeing (p = .61) or general wellbeing (p = .37) of the intervention group compared to the control group. Burnout and engagement at baseline were not significant moderators (p’s > .40). Providing professional caregivers of nursing homes with an online generic positive psychological intervention did not increase work related wellbeing or general wellbeing, even for caregivers most at risk for stress related problems. Possible alternative explanations such as ceiling effects, lack of intrinsic motivation and high workload as well as practical implications are discussed.",
author = "Noortje Kloos and H.R. Trompetter and Bohlmeijer, {Ernst Thomas} and Westerhof, {Gerben Johan}",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "1",
language = "English",
pages = "1147",
note = "21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, IAGG 2017 ; Conference date: 23-07-2017 Through 27-07-2017",
url = "https://www.geron.org/meetings-events/iagg-2017-world-congress-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics",

}

Kloos, N, Trompetter, HR, Bohlmeijer, ET & Westerhof, GJ 2017, 'Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers: testing a positive psychological intervention' 21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, San Francisco, United States, 23/07/17 - 27/07/17, pp. 1147.

Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers : testing a positive psychological intervention. / Kloos, Noortje ; Trompetter, H.R.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst Thomas; Westerhof, Gerben Johan.

2017. 1147 Poster session presented at 21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, San Francisco, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterOther research output

TY - CONF

T1 - Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers

T2 - testing a positive psychological intervention

AU - Kloos, Noortje

AU - Trompetter, H.R.

AU - Bohlmeijer, Ernst Thomas

AU - Westerhof, Gerben Johan

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

N2 - With major job demands such as workload, professional caregivers in nursing homes are at increased risk for stress related problems like burnout. As such job demands will most likely not decrease in the near future, attention should be shifted towards resilience of all professional caregivers by focusing on increasing personal resources. The purpose of this study was to test a generic online positive psychology intervention in increasing both general wellbeing and work related wellbeing for professional caregivers of somatic units of four nursing homes. This study had a group-randomized controlled design (intervention group n = 74, control group n = 47). The intervention consisted of reading information and doing exercises of 8 themes of positive psychology (e.g. strengths, positive relations) in 12 weeks. Questionnaires on work related wellbeing (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale), general wellbeing (Mental Health Continuum) and burnout (Utrecht BurnOut Scale) were filled out online at baseline and 3 months later (T1). Mixed ANOVAs showed no significant increase in work related wellbeing (p = .61) or general wellbeing (p = .37) of the intervention group compared to the control group. Burnout and engagement at baseline were not significant moderators (p’s > .40). Providing professional caregivers of nursing homes with an online generic positive psychological intervention did not increase work related wellbeing or general wellbeing, even for caregivers most at risk for stress related problems. Possible alternative explanations such as ceiling effects, lack of intrinsic motivation and high workload as well as practical implications are discussed.

AB - With major job demands such as workload, professional caregivers in nursing homes are at increased risk for stress related problems like burnout. As such job demands will most likely not decrease in the near future, attention should be shifted towards resilience of all professional caregivers by focusing on increasing personal resources. The purpose of this study was to test a generic online positive psychology intervention in increasing both general wellbeing and work related wellbeing for professional caregivers of somatic units of four nursing homes. This study had a group-randomized controlled design (intervention group n = 74, control group n = 47). The intervention consisted of reading information and doing exercises of 8 themes of positive psychology (e.g. strengths, positive relations) in 12 weeks. Questionnaires on work related wellbeing (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale), general wellbeing (Mental Health Continuum) and burnout (Utrecht BurnOut Scale) were filled out online at baseline and 3 months later (T1). Mixed ANOVAs showed no significant increase in work related wellbeing (p = .61) or general wellbeing (p = .37) of the intervention group compared to the control group. Burnout and engagement at baseline were not significant moderators (p’s > .40). Providing professional caregivers of nursing homes with an online generic positive psychological intervention did not increase work related wellbeing or general wellbeing, even for caregivers most at risk for stress related problems. Possible alternative explanations such as ceiling effects, lack of intrinsic motivation and high workload as well as practical implications are discussed.

M3 - Poster

SP - 1147

ER -

Kloos N, Trompetter HR, Bohlmeijer ET, Westerhof GJ. Well-being of nursing home professional caregivers: testing a positive psychological intervention. 2017. Poster session presented at 21st World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2017, San Francisco, United States.