Wellbeing and Social Safeness Questionnaire (WSSQ): Initial psychometric assessment of a short digital screening instrument for primary school children

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In the Netherlands, all schools are required to develop a wellbeing and
social safeness policy. Despite this legislation, there is currently no adequate
instrument available to measure the wellbeing and social safeness. Therefore, the present study investigates the psychometric properties of the Wellbeing and Social Safeness Questionnaire (WSSQ). The WSSQ is a Dutch online questionnaire and was filled in by 1468 students (grade 5–8, age 8–12) from 14 Dutch primary schools. Exploratory and confirmatory factory analysis showed an adequate fit for a two factor structure consisting of (1) School-Related Wellbeing and Social Safeness, and (2) Generic Wellbeing. Adequate reliability and construct validity were demonstrated for both factors. Conceptually, it was found that school-related social safeness and wellbeing are not empirically separate factors, however, generic wellbeing may deserve separate consideration. The initial psychometric properties of the WSSQ are promising. This online instrument could potentially be used as a screening tool for teachers to measure social safeness and wellbeing of students.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1597411
JournalCogent Education
Issue number1
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 21 Mar 2019



  • Digital,Primary schools,Questionnaire,Secondary schools,Social safeness,Wellbeing

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