What you do is who you are: The role of task context in perceived social robot personality

Michiel Joosse, Manja Lohse, Jorge Gallego Pérez, Vanessa Evers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    29 Citations (Scopus)
    140 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    People tend to unconsciously attribute personality traits to all kinds of technology including robots. But what personality do they want robots to have? Previous research has found support for two contradicting theories: similarity attraction and complementary attraction. The similarity attraction theory implies that people prefer a robot with a similar personality to their own (e.g., an extroverted person prefers an extroverted robot). According to the complementary attraction theory, people prefer a robot’s personality opposite to their own (e.g., extroverted people prefer an introverted robot). In contrast to both theories, we argue that what is considered an appropriate personality for a robot depends on the task context. In a 2x2 between-groups experiment (N=45), we found trends that indicated similarity attraction for extrovert participants when the robot was a tour guide and complementary attraction for introverted participants when the robot was a cleaner. These trends show that preferences for robot personalities may indeed depend on the context of the robot's role and the stereotype perceptions people hold for certain jobs. Robot behaviors likely need to be adapted not in complimentary or similarity to the users’ personality but to the users' expectations about what kind of personality and behaviors are consistent with such a task or role.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2013)
    Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
    PublisherIEEE Robotic and Automation Society
    Pages2134-2139
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4673-5643-5
    ISBN (Print)978-1-4673-5641-1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 2013
    Event2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013 - Karlsruhe, Germany
    Duration: 6 May 201310 May 2013

    Publication series

    NameIEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
    PublisherIEEE Robotics and Automation Society
    Volume2013
    ISSN (Print)1050-4729

    Conference

    Conference2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2013
    Abbreviated titleICRA
    CountryGermany
    CityKarlsruhe
    Period6/05/1310/05/13

    Keywords

    • HMI-HF: Human Factors
    • HMI-IA: Intelligent Agents
    • Task context
    • Human robot interaction
    • Big five personality traits
    • Extroversion

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  • Cite this

    Joosse, M., Lohse, M., Gallego Pérez, J., & Evers, V. (2013). What you do is who you are: The role of task context in perceived social robot personality. In Proceedings of the 2013 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2013) (pp. 2134-2139). (IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation; Vol. 2013). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Robotic and Automation Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRA.2013.6630863