When Do Sorption-Induced Relaxations in Glassy Polymers Set In?

Tymen Visser, Matthias Wessling

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents the kinetic sorption behavior of six different gases (CO2, C3H8, C3H6, Xe, Kr, and Ar) in films of the glassy polyimide Matrimid using a magnetic suspension balance. The dynamic mass uptake was analyzed using a model discriminating and quantifying separate contributions of Fickian diffusion and relaxations. The model provides a quantitative insight into the pressure/concentration-dependent onsets and relative magnitudes of sorption-induced relaxations. We demonstrate that any gaseven noble gasesshow non-Fickian diffusion and may induce irreversible sorption relaxations upon reaching a critical amount of volume dilation. Above this critical amount of volume dilation, kinetic sorption behavior becomes non-Fickian. For all gases studied, this critical volume dilation is unique.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)4992-5000
JournalMacromolecules
Volume40
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • METIS-246050
  • IR-71623

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