When the difference makes a difference – the regional embeddedness of entrepreneurship

Robert J. Breitenecker, Rainer Harms, Antje Weyh, Daniela Maresch, Sascha Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Regional determinants of new firm formation are of interest to researchers and policymakers. In the analysis of new firm formation, most studies use econometric approaches that mask intra-unit variations, not recognizing counterbalancing and dilution effects as a result. Recent advances in spatial statistics such as Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) take local variations into account. However, these approaches operate only on a bivariate level, making it impossible to detect the homogenous parts of the area under examination with regard to a number of relationships between new firm formation and its determinants. Based on a sample of 412 German regions, we apply GWR and subsequent graph-partitioning clustering to identify multi-relationally homogeneous sub-areas. Being that the results suggest a four-cluster solution, ‘one size fits all’ policies and premature unit zoning can be called into question
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-93
JournalEntrepreneurship & regional development
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • METIS-321951
  • IR-104201


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