Windowed Green function method for the Helmholtz equation in the presence of multiply layered media

Oscar P. Bruno*, C. Pérez-Arancibia

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a new methodology for the solution of problems of two- and three-dimensional acoustic scattering (and, in particular, two-dimensional electromagnetic scattering) by obstacles and defects in the presence of an arbitrary number of penetrable layers. Relying on the use of certain slow-rise windowing functions, the proposed windowed Green function approach efficiently evaluates oscillatory integrals over unbounded domains, with high accuracy, without recourse to the highly expensive Sommerfeld integrals that have typically been used to account for the effect of underlying planar multilayer structures. The proposed methodology, whose theoretical basis was presented in the recent contribution (Bruno et al. 2016 SIAM J. Appl. Math.76, 1871–1898. (doi:10.1137/15M1033782)), is fast, accurate, flexible and easy to implement. Our numerical experiments demonstrate that the numerical errors resulting from the proposed approach decrease faster than any negative power of the window size. In a number of examples considered in this paper, the proposed method is up to thousands of times faster, for a given accuracy, than corresponding methods based on the use of Sommerfeld integrals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0161
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London A. Mathematical, physical and engineering sciences
Issue number2202
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


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