youth Digital Skills Indicator: Polish questionnaire

Jacek Pyzalski, Natalia Walter, Agnieszka Iwanicka, Katarzyna Bartkowiak, Ellen J. Helsper, Luc S. Schneider, Alexander J.A.M. van Deursen, Ester van Laar

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic

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The youth Digital Skills Indicator was developed as part of the ‘Youth Skills (ySKILLS)’ project and added to the ‘From Digital Skills to Tangible Outcomes’ digital skills measurement toolkit.

Please read the accompanying document on the underlying rationale for these scales and on how to create and use composite scales in the following document: Helsper, E.J., Schneider, L., van Deursen, A.J.A.M., van Laar, E. (2021). The youth Digital Skills Indicator: Report on the conceptualisation and development of the ySKILLS digital skills measure. KU Leuven, Leuven: ySKILLS. Available at:
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2021


  • Digital skills
  • Questionnaire
  • Survey


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