Zirconium and hafnium tert-butoxides and tert-butoxo-beta-diketonate complexes – Isolation, structrural characterization and application in the one-step synthesis of 3D metal oxide nanostructrures

G.I. Spijksma, G.A. Seisenbaeva, Henricus J.M. Bouwmeester, David H.A. Blank, V.G. Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Long term storage of the pure commercial Zr(OtBu)4 in a sealed ampoule results in crystallization of a new high symmetry phase of Zr3O(OtBu)10 (1). Modification of Zr(OtBu)4 and Hf(OtBu)4 with 2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedione (Hthd) produces dependent on the stoichiometry two types of derivatives, M(OtBu)2(thd)2 (2, 3) and M(OtBu)(thd)3 (4, 5) M = Zr(2, 4), Hf(3, 5), which have all been characterized by NMR and mass-spectral studies and for 4 and 5 also by complete X-ray single crystal studies. The latter failed for 2 and 3 in the view of their poor X-ray reflectivity. Addition of minor amounts of n-C5H11OH to 3 resulted in isolation of an unusual heteroleptic complex Hf2(OH)(OnC5H11)(OtBu)2(thd)4 (6). Thermal decomposition of compounds 1 and 3 in nitrogen atmosphere was studied for different thermal regimes by TGA-FTIR approach, revealing in all cases the formation of tetragonal ZrO2 and monoclinic HfO2 respectively, along with iso-butene, butanol and water for 1 and the same mixture including also Hthd for 3. Decomposition of 3 occurred always through intermediate melting, while higher heating rate for 1 permitted to achieve decomposition on in situ evaporation resulting in 3D hedgehog nanostructures according to SEM.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-156
JournalPolyhedron
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • METIS-301997
  • IR-89129

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